Natural Resources

Natural Endowments

1.2.4.1Land use

The land use pattern in the district is as follows: arable land and settlements consumes 76.8% of the total District area; forestland use 15%, whereas rivers and wetlands 8.2%.

 

1.2.4.2Forests and Woodlands

The district has 5 gazetted forest[1] reserves with a total area of 1330 hectares. Two of these reserves (i.e. Mbale and Wangu in Butuntumula Sub-county are Central Government Forest Reserves under the management of the National Forest Authority (NFA) and the remaining three (Bombo, Kalagala and Bowa) are Local Forest reserves controlled by the District.  The forest reserves and their area coverage in the District are shown in the Tables 1.8 through to 1.10 below:

 

 

Table 1.8:        Central Forest Reserve

 

Number

Sub-County

Name of Forest Reserve

Area (Ha.)

1.

Butuntumula

Mbale

1207

 

Wangu

31

 

Total

 

1238

Source: Forestry department

 

 

 

Table 1.9:        Local Forest Reserves

 

Number

Sub-county

Name of Forest reserve

Area (HA)

1.

Makulubita

Bowa

10

2.

Nyimbwa

Bombo

65

3.

Kalagala

Kalagala

17

 

Total

 

92

Source: Luwero District Forestry Services

 

 

Table 1.10:Forest Reserves by Area and Category

 

Number

Name of reserve

Area Ha

Natural (Savanna Broad/ Wood land)

Pine

Plantation (Broad leaves)

1

Mable

1,207

 

2

Wangu

31

 

 

3

Bbowa

10

 

4

Bbombo

65

 

 

5

Kalagala

17

 

 

 

Total

1330

 

 

 

Source: Forestry Department (2004)

 

 

 

1.2.5: Socio-Economic Infrastructure

Majority of the households (66%) depend on subsistence farming as their source of livelihood. Only 16% are dependent on employment income, while 7% depend on business enterprises as shown in table 1.6 below.

Table 1.12:           Distribution households by source of livelihood (%)

Source of Livelihood

Residence

 Total

 Rural

 Urban

 Subsistence farming

75.7

22.2

65.6

 Employment income

9.4

44.2

15.9

 Business enterprise

4.3

18.5

7.0

 Cottage industry

0.2

0.7

0.3

 Property income

0.7

1.3

0.8

 Family support

7.9

11.5

8.6

Organizational support

0.0

0.0

0.0

 Other 

1.8

1.6

1.8

Source: 2002 Census

 

1.2.5.2  District Poverty Levels

At the National level, there has been a positive growth trend over decades that has been accompanied by substantial poverty reduction with the people living below the poverty line decreased from 24.3 percent in 2009/10 to 19.7 percent in 2012/13.

 Poverty has fallen relatively faster in urban than rural areas and among household engaged in non-farm sector including trade, manufacturing and construction.

 

According to the Uganda rural poverty rates of 2005(UBOS), Luwero District stands at 18.3 percent of the people living below the poverty line as reflected in table 1.13 here below. According to this study, poverty levels for Bamunanika and Katikamu counties were at 22.75% and 14.52% of people below the poverty line respectively.

 

Table 1.13: Uganda Rural Poverty Rates by District, County & Sub county 2005

District/County/Sub county (std error)

Individual headcount index %. Inds. Below poverty line (std error)

Poverty gap index % of pov line

Poverty inequality

Estimated no. of poor individuals

Estimated no. of individuals

LUWERO DISTRICT                  

18.3       (1.11)

7.67   (0.38)

0.32   (0.01)

54,351   (3,262)

296,790

BAMUNANIKA COUNTY             

22.75     (1.25)

5.52   (0.44)

0.33   (0.01)

31,117   (1,710)

136,777

Bamunanika

21.61    (1.69)

5.16   (0.55)

0.32   (0.01)

5,249   (410)

24,289

Zirobwe

20.24    (1.49)

4.71   (0.48)

0.32   (0.01)

7,222   (532)

35,684

Kikyusa

25.85    (1.7)

6.42   (0.61)

0.32   (0.01)

6,268   (412)

24,247

Kalagala

18.23    (1.4)

4   (0.44)

0.33   (0.01)

5,948   (457)

32,629

Kamira

32.28    (1.72)

8.8   (0.72)

0.32   (0.01)

6,433   (343)

19,928

KATIKAMU COUNTY

14.52     (0.97)

3.22   (0.31)

0.36   (0.01)

23,234   (1,552)

160,013

Luwero

22.07    (1.67)

5.04   (0.55)

0.3   (0.01)

6,374   (482)

28,879

Luwero Tc

7.9    (1.1)

1.75   (0.3)

0.34   (0.01)

1,838   (256)

23,264

Wobulenzi Tc

4.29    (0.71)

0.87   (0.18)

0.35   (0.01)

795   (132)            

18,526

Nyimbwa

13.28    (1.4)

2.7   (0.37)

0.34   (0.01)

2,455   (259)          

18,484

Bombo Tc

7.13    (1.09)

1.53   (0.3)

0.32   (0.01)

1,190   (182)          

16,685

Katikamu

15.91    (1.4)

3.44   (0.41)

0.32   (0.01)

4,321   (380)          

27,157

Butuntumula

26.43    (2.43)

6.22   (0.8)

0.3   (0.01)

4,779   (439)          

18,083

Makulubita

16.56    (2.13)

3.51   (0.63)

0.3   (0.01)

1,480   (190)            

8,935




[1]A forest is a type of vegetation dominated by trees, many species of which are tall at maturity and have straight trunks.  The canopy is typically deep, being composed of several layers of foliage and the herbaceous vegetation is generally open and lacks the tussock-forming grasses which are so characteristic of many types of savanna.  For woodlands trees are characteristically shorter than in the forests and canopy is less dense.