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PRODUCTION AND MARKETING

Agriculture is the dominant economic activity in the country. According to the 2002 Census results, 72 percent of the labor force in Uganda is employed in agricultural sector and 73 percent in Luwero District of the population is aged 10 years and above.

 Agriculture

Crops  

Crops are divided into two that is, the food crops and cash crops. The major food crops in Luwero district were cassava, sweet potatoes, bananas, maize, beans, vegetables, tomatoes, cabbages and yams. On the other hand, the cash crops grown included coffee, pineapples, vegetables, tomatoes, cassava, maize, yams, rice and sweet potatoes. Table 9.1 shows the area under major crops by Sub County.

The sub county with the highest area in acreage under major crops was Zirobwe Sub County, followed by Kalagala then Kamira Sub County. The least area of acreage was Nyimbwa in almost all crops grown. This is aggregated to development of the sub county.

Table 9.1: Area in acreage under major crops at the end of 2015

Sub county Bananas Coffee P/apple            Maize Cassava Rice S/potato Beans
Bamunanika 2500              2500                        1000                3000      4500 300    5200 3000
Kalagala 1500              1700       -                  2500      3,000 550      4000 3000
Kamira 250                550 5000                6500      4000 300        2500 2500
Kikyusa    800                750 6200                6000      3500 200      3000 3000
Zirobwe 2100              1400    400                3500      4000 510      4000 3500
Butuntumula 1800              1400    1200                4500      5000 600    3500 3500
Katikamu 2800              2000      70                4000      4000 10    3500 3800
Luwero    1700              1600      500                3500      4200 50    3200 4000
Makulubita 2700              2500 -                      3500      3000 110    5000 4500
Nyimbwa 950              1000        -                  4000      2,000 20                        4500 4000
Total 17100            15400              14370              41000    37200      2,449    38400 34800

Source: Production department - 2015

9.3        Veterinary

For the year 2016, the district had 80,590 heads of cattle, 4329 goats and 4096 pigs as reflected in Table 9.2. The predominant type of cattle kept in Luewero was the local breed and were mostly reared in Kamira Sub County as it is a cattle corridor.

Table 9.2: Distribution of Livestock in Luwero District as per 2016

Sub county    Exotic Hybrid Diary Hybrid Borani Local Cattle Total Cattle Goats Pigs
Butuntumula 086            3094            4899              13860      21939        36668        301
Luwero 069            824              073                  2868      3834         5639        850
Katikamu 059            965              099                  2979      4102          6881        325
Nyimbwa 046          583              061                1098      1,788         5753          90
Makulubita 083            2980              270                2809        6142        19830        615
Bamunanika 044            269              021                  2016        2350        4362        215
Zirobwe 048            869              031                  2416        3364        16932        515
Kalagala 054            469              038                2266        2827          5630        370
Kikyusa 063            2783              3881                11384      18111        27655        610
Kamira 178          3206              6083                15936      25403        38980        205
Total 0730            16042            15456                57632      89860        168330      4,096

Source: Production department 2016

The distribution of livestock is mainly local cattle followed by hybrid diary and the least livestock are the exotic where Kamira sub county has the highest number of cattle’s followed by Butuntumula and this depicts the fact that these subcounties lies in the they are cattle corridior.

Table 9.3: Tick control facilities by county

County            Communal Dips Private Dips
  Functional Non Functional Functional Non Functional
Bamunanika - 01 8 10
Katikamu - 03 5 04
Total - 04 13 14
         

Source: Veterinary Department 2016

Most of the dips are private with 13 functional and 14 non functional. They are located in Kamira, Butuntumula,Kikyusa and Makulubita

Table 9.4: Distribution of Diary fenced farms by county

County No. of Farms Pure exotic Cross T/H/C
Bamunanika 06 01 05 2406
Katikamu 15 02 13 4366
Total 21 03 18 6772

Source: Veterinary Department 2016

Table 9.5 shows that, there were 329 heads of exotic and 511 crossbreed cattle were kept under zero grazing. Bamunanika County had more units than Katikamu.

Table 9.5: Zero grazing units

County Units Exotic Cross
Bamunanika 675 313 455
Katikamu 56 16 56
Total 731 329 511

Source: Veterinary Department 2015

On institutional farms, Bugema Adventist College had majority of heads of cattle, whereas Katikamu SDA had the least as reflected in Table 9.6 below.

Table 9.6: Institutional Farms

County Units Exotic Cross
    16

086

048

032

Source: Veterinary Department 2016

Most dairy farms are in Makulubita, Katikamu and in   three town councils and they are comprised of cross breed and few exotic 16.

 

Table 9.7: Cattle Ranches

County Ranches Cross Local T.H/C
Bamunanika 17 7 10 27890
Katikamu 9 6 3 41198
Total 26 13 13 69088

Source: Veterinary Department 2016

9.4        Fisheries

Fish farming in the district is still on subsistence thus for home consumption and occasionally are sold. The major species stocked were Tilapia and cat fish (claries). The ponds are stocked with mixed species. Table 9.8 show the number of functional fish ponds and the ones deserted in Luwero S/C and Zirobwe are the sub counties which still has bigger number of ponds stocked at 28 and 15 respectively. Luwero has the most disserted fish ponds and Zirobwe.

Table 9.8: Distribution of fish ponds in Luwero district as at the end of 2015

Sub county No. of ponds Stocked & functional Deserted
Katikamu 13 11 2
Nyimbwa 17 15 2
Luwero 33 28 5
Makulubita 18 14 4
Butuntumula 8 7 1
Kalagala 10 9 1
Zirobwe 26 15 11

Bamunanika

Kikyusa

Wobulenzi TC

Luwero TC

12

4

8

12

8

4

6

4

4

4

2

8

Total 161 121 44

Source: Fisheries Department 2015

Entomology

 

 Apiary Production

Apiary production in the district is still on a moderate scale as can be revealed by the distribution of bee hives in table 9.9. The types (races) of bees found in the District were;

Apis melifera (small blackish)

Apis cerana (bigger in size & brownish, long hair on the body

Black Africa bees (very active, not for keeping).

Table 9.9: Distribution of Bee Hives in Luwero district by the end of 2015

Sub county Local KTB( Kenya top bars) Langstroth
Colonized Uncolonized Colonized Uncolonized Colonized Uncolonized
Butuntumula 520 82 620 120 230 25
Katikamu 63 15 120 14 15 2
Luwero 80 12 136 25 45 10
Makulubita 96 7 130 14 07 0
Nyimbwa 120 20 69 7 10 0
Bamunanika 167 13 136 32 120 20
Kalagala 70 14 78 12 15 2
Kamira 470 23 142 36 46 3
Kikyusa 460 70 126 40 25 4
Zirobwe 230 52 136 41 52 7
Total 2276 308 1693 341 565 73

Source: Production department 2015

9.6        Cooperatives

Majority of the cooperative societies by the end of 2015 in the district were agricultural based as shown in Table 9.10. Zirobwe, Makulubita and Butuntumula had the highest number of cooperative societies (14, 13, and 12) respectively. The sub county which had the least agriculture cooperative society was Bombo Town council. Since the district depends on agriculture as a livelihood, agriculture had the highest number of cooperatives.

Table 9.10: Cooperative Societies by Sub County at the end of 2015

Sub county

Agric. &

Mkt Societies

Savings & Credit Coops.

Consumer

Coops.

Poultry

Hides

& skin

Livestock

Diary

Coops

Transport

Coops.

Butuntumula 12 2 1 0 0 2 0 0
Katikamu 7 3 0 0 0 0 0 3
Luwero 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Luwero T/C 3 6 1 0 0 0 1 1
Bombo T/C 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nyimbwa 3 4 0 0 0 0 0 1
Makulubita 13 2 0 0 0 1 0 0
Wobulenzi T/C 5 1 1 2 1 0 1 1
Bamunanika 11 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
Kalagala 8 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kamira 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kikyusa 6 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Zirobwe 14 1 1 0 0 0 0 1
Total 94 14 5 3 1 3 2 6

Source: Coop

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