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community-based-services

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COMMUNITY BASED SERVICES

 Introduction

There were 48 active service providers in Luwero district by the end of 2007. They provided services in nine different core program areas namely; social economic security; health; education; child protection; care and support; food security and nutrition; psychosocial support; legal support; and capacity enhancement. Table 8.1 shows the number of service providers per core program area. There were 115 FAL classes with 3,248 learners out of whom 2,125 (65 percent) were able to graduate. Children (under 18 years) constituted 59 percent, while youth and the elderly were at 42 and 6 percent respectively. People with disabilities contributed four percent of the district population, with the limited use of leg being the predominant type of disability. A total of 43,644 OVCs were reached in 2007, out of which females constituted 54 percent and males 46 percent.

Table 8.1: SUMMARY OF SERVICE PROVIDER BY CORE PROGRAM AREA (CPA)

CORE PROGRAM AREA SERVICE PROVIDER NO. Of SUB-COUNTIES
Social Economic Security 8 7
Health 8 13
Education 10 13
Child protection 16 11
Care and support 21 11
Food security and nutrition 5 5
Psychosocial support 56 5
Legal Support 3 5
Capacity Strengthening 10 13

Source: Community Services department 2015

Functional Adult Literacy

In 2015, there were 115 FAL classes with 3,248 learners out of whom 2,125 graduated as revealed in Table 8.2. There are few FAL classes conducted in the town councils in luwero compared to other sub counties in the district. This could be that most people attend school when they are still young due to accessibility.

Table 8.2: Distribution of FAL Classes in Luwero District for 15

Subcounty No. of FAL classes No. of FAL learners No. graduated
Luwero 6 125 275
Nyimbwa 12 235 100
Bamunanika 11 163 116
Kikyusa 12 309 290
Kamira 12 125 128
Bombo T/C 5 65 139
Katikamu 7 110 118
Wobulenzi T/C 3 144 19
Kalagala 6 53 48
Butuntumula 10 191 431
Zirobwe 6 200 104
Luwero T/C 4 118 240
Makulubita 8 92 117
Total 102 2075 2,125

Source: Community Service department 2015

 

3 Children, the Youth and the Elderly (CYE)

According to the laws of Uganda, a child is defined as any person aged below 18 years, while the youth is any person aged 18 to 30 years and the elderly are persons aged 60 years and above.

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Table 8.3 shows that there were 201,297 children accounting for 59 percent of the total population, the youth totaled 144,855 persons (42%) while the elderly numbered 18,634 persons (6percent). In every sub county of Luwero district, there was a functional committee responsible for youths, women and elderly.

Table 8.3: Distribution of Children, Youth and Elderly by Sex and Residence

Sex      0 – 17 (Children)                10 – 30 (Young people)              60+ (Elderly)
Male 102,032 70,859 8,881
Female 99,265 73,996 9,753
Total 201,297 144,855 18,634

Source: 2002 Census

8.4        Status of the Children

Table 8.4 shows that majority of the children were in the age group of 6 – 12 years represented by 41 percent. Thirty eight percent were aged 5 years and below while those in the age group of 13 – 17 years constituted 21 percent of the total children. The proportionate distribution was almost similar by gender.

Table 8.4: Percentage distribution of Children by Age group

Age group                              Male                        Female                Both Sexes
0 to 5 37.9                              37.8                              37.8
6 to 12 40.6                              41.3                              41.0
13 to 17 21.5                              20.9                              21.2
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

Source: 2002 Census

8.5        Persons with Disabilities (PWDs)

The 2002 census defined disability as any difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking and any mental or learning difficulty, which has lasted or is expected to last 6 months or more. This also included epilepsy and chronic arthritis, which are internationally, classified as chronic illnesses.

Clos

The 2002 census reveals that there were 12,293 persons with a disability constituting 4 percent of the district’s total population. The most common type of disability among the PWDs was the limited use of legs at 28 percent followed by difficulties in sight at 18 percent as indicated in Figure 8.1. Overall the physical disability contributed the largest proportion to the type of disabilities at 41 percent. In all the 13 LLG and HLG, there are two seats on each council for PWDs.

Figure 8.1         Percentage Distribution of Persons with Disabilities by Type

Source: 2002 Census

8.6        Orphans and Vulnerable Children

16%

An orphan is any child below 18 years of age who has lost at least one of his/her parents. The 2002 census revealed that of the 201,179 children 31,788 were orphans representing 16 percent. Of the total orphans 56 percent had lost their fathers, 21 percent had their mother died while 23 percent had lost both parents as reflected in Figure 8.2. A total of 43,644 OVCs were reached during the year 2006 by at least one service provider, but however the definition of OVC in Luwero depicts the fact that every child in the district is an OVC.

Orphan hood status (%)

 Source: 2002 Census

Categories of OVC in Luwero.

Orphans and vulnerable children in the district include the following categories;

Orphans

Children infected and affected by HIV/AIDS

Children with disabilities

Child laborers

Street children

Children in hard to reach areas

Child prostitutes

School drop outs

Child headed families

Children in conflict with the law

Table 8.5: Number of OVCs by Sex reached during 2015

Age Range in Year Male Female        OVC with Disabilities
Male Female
0-5 277 306 16 5
6-12 402 434 5 8
13-18 739 985 32 16
Total 1418 1725 53 29

Source: Community Services Department 2015

Females had more OVC visited than male. There were more male disabilities in OVC of men than women. The number of OVC increased with age and was less at an early age.

Table 8.6: Distribution of OVCs by Sub County reached by at least one service provider in 2015

Sub- County      0-5    6-12                13-18      OVC Disabilities
Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female
Luwero T.C 1115 2150 1768 2886 1005 1288 31 69
Luwero S/C 206 301 159 174 237 204 6 1
Butuntumula 92 102 11 32 27 73 9 1
Kalangala 441 609 1574 2356 2348 2334 1 -
Katikamu 158 198 1228 974 817 1095 135 30
Wobulenzi T.C 123 123 217 278 116 156 51 65
Bombo T.C 409 546 354 470 330 367 494 399
Makulubita 97 128 450 424 311 396 69 00
Zirobwe - - 176 283 448 203 20 40
Nyimbwa 43 33 706 792 1288 489 7 3
Kamira 127 71 654 703 323 744 - -
Kikyusa - - 895 1069 40 28 - -
Bamunanika - - 943 893 213 406 10 07
Total 2811 4261 9135 11334 8320 7783 833 615

Source: Community Services Department 2015

Community Development

A number of projects have been developed for economic empowerment of the community specifically targeting the women, PWDs and youth as reflected in the Table 8.7. There were 160 community development groups registered of which 16 were women groups which did not receive any funding however capacity building has been done in these groups apart from the disability council who have projects like piggery and goat rearing as mentioned in the Table..

Table 8.7: Distribution of Development Projects among Specific Councils

No. Target group Project type Location
1. Women councils

Sheep project

Katikamu s/c(no Fundin)

Zirobwe s/c

Butuntumula s/c

NACWOLA

Local chicken

Kamira s/c

Nyimbwa

2. Disability councils Goat rearing

Kikyusa

Kalagala

Wobulenzi and Luwero sub county

Piggery Katikamu
3. Youth councils Local chicken

Kamira( No funds)

Luwero T/C

Kalagala

Bombo T/C

Wobulenzi T/C

Source: Community Services Department 2015

There are 7 sub counties that have community development centers/facilities in the district, namely Katikamu, Luwero S/C, Kalagala, Zirobwe, Bamunanika, Makulubita and Kikyusa. However the projects for the youth and women were not funded this financial year. However capacity building for women was done.


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